Mustafa Kemal and his delegation displaced from Sivas to Ankara

Representation of Mustafa Kemal and his delegation

December 19 is the 353rd day of the year (354th in leap years) according to the Gregorian calendar. The number of days remaining until the end of the year is 12.

Railways

  • December 19, 1868 Navigator Davut Pasha is sent to Europe to search for suitable contractors who could build railroads at Rumeli.
  • December 19, 1935 Opening of the Sivas-Eskiköy line.

Olaylar

  • 1154 – October 25, II. Henry was crowned at Westminster Abbey Church.
  • 1805 – The French army of Napoleon Bonaparte enters Warsaw.
  • 1909 – German football club Borussia Dortmund is founded.
  • 1918 – In the Dörtyol district of Hatay province, the first bullet against French forces was fired by Ömer Hoca’s son Mehmet (Kara Mehmet) in the town of Karakese.
  • 1919 – Mustafa Kemal and his delegation leave Sivas for Ankara.
  • 1920 – Support the national struggle Anatolia in Antalya newspaper began to be published.
  • 1948 – The theater and exhibition center in the city of Izmir is burnt down.
  • 1950 – Dwight D. Eisenhower is appointed Force Commander of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO).
  • 1965 – De Gaulle is re-elected President of France.
  • 1966 – The first Turkish car produced by the Koç group Anadol offered for sale. The cash price was 26 thousand 800 lire.
  • 1968 – Pianist İdil Biret gives a concert in Paris with five of the world’s greatest virtuosos.
  • 1969 – The US 6th Fleet arrives in Izmir. The arrival of the fleet was protested and the American sailors were beaten.
  • 1975 – 2nd Turkish Press Convention was held.
  • 1978 – Kahramanmaraş Events began. In the events that lasted until December 26, 111 people were killed and 176 people were injured.
  • 1983 – President Kenan Evren begins writing his Memoirs, which will be published in 6 volumes in the future, in Harbiye Orduevi.
  • 1984 – China and the United Kingdom agree to cede Hong Kong to the People’s Republic of China on July 1, 1997.
  • 1986 – The Soviet Union announces that it has freed regime opponent Andrei Sakharov from internal exile and pardoned his wife (Yelena Bonner).
  • 1987 – Naim Süleymanoğlu wore the national jersey for the first time at the Republic international weightlifting tournament. He broke his own world records in the snatch (60 kg), clean and jerk (150 kg) and overall (188.5 kg) in the 337.5 kg.
  • 1992 – “Operation Hope” is launched in Somalia. The Turkish Union participated in this operation.
  • 1993 – Kanal D began broadcasting.
  • 1994 – Olay TV was founded.
  • 2000 – 20 prisons, where death fasts and hunger strikes continue, intervened. Back to life On the first day of the operation, called Çanakkale and Ümraniye, the action ended in 18 prisons, excluding Çanakkale and Ümraniye prisons.
  • 2001 – The UN Security Council approved the deployment of an international force of at least 3 people in Kabul.
  • 2003 – Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi announces that his country has abandoned its goal of producing nuclear and chemical weapons.
  • 2016 – Russian Ambassador to Ankara Andrey Karlov was assassinated during an exhibition he attended in Ankara.

births

  • 1683 – Felipe V, King of Spain (died 1746)
  • 1819 – James Spriggs Payne, Liberian politician (d 1882)
  • 1852 – Albert Abraham Michelson, American physicist and Nobel laureate in physics (died 1931)
  • 1861 Italo Svevo, Italian writer (died 1928)
  • 1868 – Eleanor H. Porter, American author (d. 1920)
  • 1875 – Mileva Marić, Serbian physicist (died 1948)
  • 1903 – George Davis Snell, American scientist and Nobel laureate in physiology or medicine (d. 1996)
  • 1906 Leonid Brezhnev, Soviet politician (died 1982)
  • 1909 – Mustafa Çakmak, Turkish wrestler (died 2009)
  • 1910 – Jean Genet, French writer (died 1986)
  • 1915 – Edith Piaf, French singer (died 1963)
  • 1920 – Little Jimmy Dickens, American country singer (died 2015)
  • 1924 – Cicely Tyson, American actress and model (died 2021)
  • 1925 – Tankred Dorst, German playwright, storyteller and translator (died 2017)
  • 1926 – Fikret Otyam, Turkish painter and journalist (died 2015)
  • 1929 Hugh Jack, Australian Olympic athlete (died in 2018)
  • 1933 – Galina Volçek, Soviet-Russian actress, theater, director, politician and educator (died in 2019)
  • 1934 – Pratibha Patil, 12th and first woman president of India
  • 1940 – Philip Ochs, American protest musician (d. 1976)
  • 1941 – Li Myong-bak, a South Korean politician
  • 1941 – Maurice White, American soul, rock, reggae, funk musician (d. 2016)
  • 1944 – Verda Erman, Turkish pianist (died 2014)
  • 1944 – Alvin Lee, English guitarist and rock musician (died 2013)
  • 1944 – William Christie, American commentator of French music suspended
  • 1946 – Rosemary Conley is a British businesswoman, author and editor on exercise and health.
  • 1947 – Jimmy Bain, Scottish-English rock musician (died 2016)
  • 1951 – Mohammad Reza Arif, Iranian politician and scholar
  • 1952 – Walter Murphy, American composer, arranger, pianist, musician, songwriter and record producer
  • 1955 – Rob Portman, American lawyer and politician
  • 1956 – Suzan Aksoy, Turkish actress
  • 1957 – Kevin McHale is an American professional basketball player.
  • 1957 – Hasan Atilla Uğur, Turkish soldier
  • 1958 – Xavier Beulin, French industrialist and businessman (d. 2017)
  • 1961 – Eric Cornell, 2001 Nobel Prize in Physics Kazan is an American physicist
  • 1963 – Jennifer Beals, American actress
  • 1963 – Til Schweiger, German actor, producer and director
  • 1964 – Béatrice Dalle, French actress
  • 1964 – Arvydas Sabonis, former Lithuanian basketball player
  • 1969 – Richard Hammond, British TV presenter
  • 1969 – Aziza Mustafa Zadeh, Azerbaijani pianist, composer and singer
  • 1972 – Alyssa Milano, American actress
  • 1973 – Müge Anlı, Turkish TV presenter and journalist
  • 1975 – Cosmin Contra, Romanian football player
  • 1975 – Brandon Sanderson is an American fantasy and science fiction writer.
  • 1975 – Jeremy Soule is an American songwriter who composes soundtracks for films, television and video games
  • 1977 – Jorge Garbajosa, former Spanish professional basketball player
  • 1980 – Jake Gyllenhaal, American actor
  • 1982 – Tero Pitkämäki, Finnish athlete
  • 1982 – Mo Williams, American professional basketball player
  • 1985 – Gary Cahill, English football player
  • 1985 – Dan Logan is an English musician.
  • 1985 – Lady Sovereign, English rap and grime artist
  • 1986
  • Ryan Babel, Surinamese-Dutch football player
  • Lazaros Christodoulopoulos is a Greek international footballer.
  • Miguel Lopes, Portuguese football player
  • 1987 – Karim Benzema, French football player of Algerian origin
  • 1987 – Ronan Farrow is an American journalist
  • 1987 – Jacob Kane, founder of the NOD Brotherhood
  • 1988 – Alexis Sánchez, Chilean footballer
  • 1991 – Sumire Uesaka, Japanese voice actor and singer
  • 1992 – Iker Muniain, Spanish national football player
  • 1994 – M’Baye Niang, He is a Senegalese national footballer of French origin.

Armed

  • 401 – Anastasius I, pope from November 27, 399 until his death on December 19, 401
  • 1370 – Urbain V was the Pope during the period September 28, 1362 to December 19, 1370. 6. Pope d’Avignon (born 1310)
  • 1741 – Vitus Bering, Danish sailor (born in 1681)
  • 1848 – Emily Brontë, English novelist (born 1818)
  • 1851 – Joseph Mallord William Turner, English painter (born 1775)
  • 1915 – Alois Alzheimer, German neurologist (born in 1864)
  • 1922 – Friedrich Delitzsch, German Assyriologist (born 1850)
  • 1936 – Theodor Wiegand, German archaeologist (born 1864)
  • 1940 – Tomás Carrasquilla, Colombian writer (born 1858)
  • 1940 – Kyösti Kallio, President of Finland (born 1873)
  • 1944 – II. Abbas Hilmi Pasha, the last Khedive of Egypt during the Ottoman era (born 1874)
  • 1946 – Paul Langevin, French physicist (born in 1872)
  • 1948 – Joseph Friedrich Nicolaus Bornmüller, German botanist (born 1862)
  • 1953 – Robert A. Millikan, American physicist and Nobel laureate in physics (born 1868)
  • 1966 – İhsan İpekçi, Turkish writer and filmmaker (born 1901)
  • 1968 – Norman Thomas was an American politician, author and Presbyterian minister (born 1884)
  • 1972 – Ahmet Emin Yalman, Turkish journalist, Country newspaper owner (born 1888)
  • 1975 – William A. Wellman, American director (born 1896)
  • 1980 – Mustafa Parlar Turkish scholar and politician (born 1925)
  • 1989 – Stella Gibbons, English writer and novelist (born 1902)
  • 1989 – Mr. Sunullah Arısoy, Turkish poet and writer (born 1925)
  • 1996 – Marcello Mastroianni, Italian film actor (born 1924)
  • 1997 – Masaru Ibuka, Japanese businessman (born 1908)
  • 2002 – Memet Fuat, Turkish critic and writer (born 1926)
  • 2003 – Hope Lange, American actress (born in 1933)
  • 2004 – Herbert Brown, British-born American chemist (born 1912)
  • 2004 – Renata Tebaldi, Italian soprano (born in 1922)
  • 2009 – Zeki Ökten, Turkish director (born 1941)
  • 2009 – Kim Peek, American scholar (born 1951)
  • 2013 – Ned Vizzini, American writer (born 1981)
  • 2015 – Jimmy Hill, former English footballer and coach (born 1928)
  • 2016 – Andrey Karlov, Russian diplomat (born 1954)
  • 2016 – Şehmus Özer, Turkish football player (born 1980)
  • 2017 – Lito Cruz, Argentine director, playwright and actor (born 1941)
  • 2017 – Yevhen Kotelnykov, Ukrainian-born Soviet football player and coach (born 1939)
  • 2017 – Hiep Thi Le is an American-Vietnamese actress (born 1971)
  • 2018 – Hugh Jack, Australian Olympic athlete (born 1929)
  • 2018 – Geetha Salam, Indian actress (born 1946)
  • 2018 – Andrzej Skupiński, Polish actor, writer, educator and translator (born 1952)
  • 2019 – Francisco Brennand, Brazilian sculptor and ceramist (born in 1927)
  • 2019 – Jules Deelder, Dutch writer, poet and musician (born 1944)
  • 2019 – Yeoryos Metallinos, Greek scholar, educator, historian, cleric and writer (born 1940)
  • 2019 – Peter Masterson, American actor, playwright, film producer and director (born 1934)
  • 2020 – Rosalind Knight, English stage, film and television actress (born 1933)
  • 2020 – Marjan Lazovski, Macedonian professional basketball coach (born 1962)
  • 2020 – Maria Piątkowska, Polish long jumper, sprinter and hurdler (born 1931)
  • 2020 – Bram van der Vlugt, Dutch actor (born 1934)

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